OCHS3004 Emergency Management and Incident Investigation
To perform risk assessment of a facility from an emergency management point of view;
To propose effective controls for the hazards, including preventative and mitigation controls;
To develop a framework for the preparation of an effective emergency response plan.
Consider a truck refuelling and service station that serves a large construction project in a remote site in Western Australia. The site includes a mobile office building and a temporary warehouse. The facility employs 10 office staff and 8 warehouse staff. The following materials are typically used and stored at the site:
1. 5000 L LPG tank;
2. 10,000 L diesel tank with a pump bay;
3. Oxy‐acetylene cylinders;
4. Paints, thinners, oils;
5. Spare and scrap tyres;
6. Waste – empty paint and chemical containers, pallets, etc.
Forklifts and pallets are used to store the items in bays. Additionally, the site is also used to store 2 Franna cranes for a nearby worksite. You may assume a suitable layout for the site as the basis of your assessment.
To conduct this assessment, you are required to firstly identify all potential major incident scenarios. Think of a number of emergency scenarios – fires, explosions, spills, and natural events. Alternatively, you may consider different hazards associated with:
1. The hazardous materials;
2. Activities or equipment in the facility (mobile plant, transport, electrical);
3. Natural events (flood, lightning strikes, etc.).
How would the hazardous materials that you have on‐site initiate or contribute to the situation?
Following this, you need to group the emergency scenarios and perform an assessment on the risks associated with the hazards. Assign priorities based on the risk analysis and propose a set of control actions, both preventative and mitigating.
Based on the risk assessment, you then need to develop a basic framework for the preparation of an ERP. The following items need to be detailed:
Scope and parameters – summarise and classify the types of emergencies for the ERP (based on your risk assessment results); assign appropriate levels of emergency for each type.
Emergency procedures – List emergency procedures that need to be developed along with considerationsthat need to be taken in developing the procedures. Which emergency services
and agencies would need to be contacted and notified? What information needs to be stored and passed?
Resource requirements – Determine what resources need to be provided for the emergency plan to be effective, e.g. training, first aid, spill & fire‐fighting equipment, communication framework, etc. As much as possible, these requirements need to be specific to the situations that have been identified. For example, what training is required, what fire‐fighting equipment would be necessary, etc.
Emergency functions and response teams – Determine what roles should be assigned for the response of emergency situations within the workplace.