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Running Head; EYLF ARTS
Name of university
The study of ...
Running Head; EYLF ARTS
Name of university
The study of art and the curriculum of music, is always treated differently and it is treated
separately. Music, movement and visual art have to be mixed and they have to mingle for the
pedagogy to be effective. Arts play a huge and significant role in the addressing of the five early
years of learning framework or the EYLF results (Foley, 2017). These three categories of art
education help the children from 0-to 5 years in understanding their cognitive abilities and their
creativity along with analytical power. Rethinking the philosophy and pedagogy of art and the
study of art for children does not have one specific way to be fulfilled. Art is extremely
important for children to understand their own cognitive and creative abilities. It helps in the
aspect of diversity and saves education from repetition and helps the children become brave to
experiment. It changes the fear of trying something risky and makes the children accustomed to
challenges (Foley, 2017). This paper is going to present the personal philosophy of art teaching
and art pedagogy for 0-5-year-olds through EYLF teaching methods.
Philosophy of art activity for 0- 5 year olds
The main question which arises when the aspect of the philosophy of art in early
childhood is, what is creating art? In the relation to children, the creative arts pertain to all the
activities which engage the child into imagination and make them explore their creativity. It can
include activities like art, dance, drama, puppetry as well as music. These activities help the child
in the stimulation as well as the cultivation of their capabilities across any domain. These
activities are open-ended which fosters flexibility of the mind (Bugler, 2012). The creative arts
also emphasize the process of teaching children about the world which is a more driven by-
product and the methods by which they can arrive at the destination and their goal of self-esteem
and self-improvement. The main benefits of including and also giving importance to creative arts
in early childhood education are expansive and diverse (Niland, 2015). It ranges from physical,
mental, and emotional improvements. Various kinds of creative activities help the children build
their capabilities with coordination of hand and eye movement as well as other motor skills. For
instance, when a child is holding a paintbrush, they are engaging and advancing in fine-tuning
their motor skills. When it comes to music and dance, clapping, playing an instrument, or
jumping to the rhythm of the music is stimulating the parts of the brain which are associated with
the main core of the motor skills (Niland, 2015). Utilization of the areas of motor skills in the
plastic years of childhood is extremely critical for the growth and the later adulthood capabilities
of the child (Izumi et al,2012). The philosophy of art and movement along with music is very
important in early childhood especially for children from 0-to 5 years because they are the core
years for the development of the basic motor and reflexive skills.
Creative art provides a proper outlet for young children to express and explore and also
gain proper control over their actions and channel their emotions. The arts have always been a
passionate and expressive activity and a pastime (Niland, 2015). Children feel the most relaxed
when they are developing their artistic skills because there is no proper rule for art. For example,
arts help the children explore their emotional spectrum so that they can control and express their
emotions in a balanced way. Art activities like drama, theatre, dance, and music, as well as
movement, are very important for the emotional development of children. I feel that art is the
best form of outlet for children because they are new to the world and they still need a lot of time
to embrace the different things they experience in life. These experiences can become
overwhelming for them and this is where art helps. According to researchers, creative art can
foster the proper development of the cognitive capabilities of children. I think that the art
activities and the activities of music, as well as movement, trigger the imagination of children
and that in turn stimulates their psychological abilities (Dinham, 2021). According to Lev
Vygotsky, these forms of play enable the children to learn novel things and discover their talents
and learn new things. This goes beyond the belief that children reflect on the world that they see
and then internalize them to understand the world. He also believed that this form of learning is
generally dependent on the childs social interactions and he termed it scaffolding (Wright,
2015). The child who has a smaller learning field interacts with a person of a higher knowledge
field and increases their own knowledge and skills. For instance, if the child is underdeveloped
in their motor skills and sees their friend being good at painting, the child will imitate their
actions and improve their own abilities (Ewing,2012). Thus, I believe, art and music, as well as
movement, are extremely essential for the cognitive and physical development of the child
because it not only helps them increase their knowledge but it also makes them prepared for
different challenges of life. The creative arts are generally thought of as not significant and it is
frequently neglected because funding is low (Wright, 2015). Children love new and experimental
things because they are curious about everything in the world (Morrow,2011). However, creative
art not only helps the cultivation of the imagination of the child but also helps in making them
more flexible and inventive thinkers. These are the reasons; art is extremely important for the
core childhood years because it can improve the core personality of the child and make them
better adults. It is imperative that we put effort and work in order to integrate the bigger chances
for the children to engage in art activities because these activities will give the main foundation
for their adulthood and even late childhood.
Young children enjoy the ideas and the actions of music when they hear music. Children
take a lot of pleasure in all the activities which are physical and which contribute to all their
healthy development. According to me, physical activities are extremely important for children
because they need all the exercise that they can get in order to have proper motor skills. If they
remain inactive then it can cause obesity in young children. This is one of the main reasons that
children need to remain active through music, dance, movement, and art. Today, the society has
become very passive and is obsessed with technology. In this mechanized society, the lives of
children are passive and they need to be physically active (Morrow,2011). The consumption of
fatty foods and the aspect of technology is making the children inactive. This can only be
stopped if the children can be given the proper dose of art activities which can make the students
interested and will help them exercise in the long run. Arts can contribute in several ways for the
betterment of the cognitive, motor and imaginative powers of children (Cox, 2005).
Art contributes to health of children
Childhood obesity is recognized as a major health problem in the United States and it is
also slowly creeping into other countries like Australia. The rate of obesity is hugely increasing
among toddlers as well as babies. Childhood obesity has become linked with inactivity at home
as well as at school. There is also the intake of unhealthy food and no activity which can promote
physical exercise. Several things found in the school vending machines are very low nutrition
and they contribute more to obesity. In order to fight this obesity, the U.S Department of Health
and Human Services recommends all children from 2 years of age and older get one hour of
physical activity (Morrow,2011). This is where the aspect of art comes in. art activities such as
music can be incorporated by the teachers into the curriculum of the child which can have the
child move. To help the children become more active, moving to the musical notes helps in the
childs physical as well as mental exercise. Music, as well as movement, are the most
fundamental things for the children to understand play and activity (Kolbe, 2005). When the
child hears music, they child has opportunities to enjoy themselves while they move, listen, and
sing. Children not only hear the music but they also experience the emotions and the reactions
which are aligned with the songs. This is the reason music should be used in the EYLF
curriculum so that the students not only improve their cognitive functions but also gives them the
opportunity to move and makes them exercise. This can reduce obesity and improve health as
well as psychological functions. Therefore, movement and music are important for the children
and it has to be incorporated into the art activities in the classes and the EYLF curriculum for
their improvement of health (Kazimierczak & Kazimierczak, 2004).
Art activities and play-based learning go hand in hand. Play-based learning helps in a lot of
different exercises and analytical learnings for children. Children have to be given the
opportunity to play and interact with music and art in the form of dance and movements. Only
then can they achieve the aspects of cognitive and psychological development for their adult life.
Art is essential for play based learning because it helps the child become active as well as
creative (Mary, 1979).
According to me the purpose of early childhood education is to strengthen their core
values and the childs ability to have unique thoughts. Contemporary early childhood education
is generally shaped by the whole aspects of belonging, being, and becoming (Dow, 2010). In the
early years, problem-solving is the biggest aspect that is learned by children. This aspect of
problem-solving can be learned through art activities and the aspect of music and movement.
The art activities and the music inside the curriculum play a huge role in the assistance of
children to not only have an understanding of their own words but also of the expressions and the
emotions that they have to show at certain moments. Music, movement, rhythm as well as art
help children have a unique perspective in life which gives them out-of-the-box thought
processes and helps them solve problems in a new way (Dow, 2010). According to me, music is
essential as an art activity because it not only helps the child enjoy the class but also helps them
with analytical problems. Music has mathematical aspects in the sense of rhythm, pitch, scale,
and counts which helps them understand analytical aspects of problem-solving (Dow, 2010). I
prefer children in my class who are from 1-5 years old, to have enough exposure to art, music,
and visual arts so that they can understand inductive and deductive thinking. I always try to leave
them with the art instruments and the required guidance to see what they create. Paint acts as a
good outlet for the imaginative thinking of the children and they can explore their five senses
with paint (McArdle, 2010). I also try to communicate that the contribution of the children no
matter how small or big it is to the ideas and feelings that the children bring with them to the
class. The most exciting thing according to me, is in art activities in class, in the sense of
teamwork and brainstorming the children do together in order to solve a problem. The children
will be confident with problem-solving if it is taught through art and music. Music is the best
outlet for stress and the best way to make a child comfortable with difficult aspects of problem-
solving. My sessions are also planned in such a way that keeps enough space for the children to
have fun with the activities and also learn problem-solving in a proper manner. Art activities
have to be included in the curriculum in a serious manner because they can help the children gain
confidence and make them realize their own problem-solving skills.
Pedagogy of the art activity for children of 0-5 years old
Early childhood pedagogy music has EYLF standards for the curriculum of art, music,
and movement for children of 0-5 years of age. There is a huge need to include the aspect of art
in the daily curriculum of children because it can help build their core personality and help them
become balanced individuals. Music and art can be used in different ways in the EYLF pedagogy
for the benefit of children (Acker et al, 2012).
Music as communication
The main goal of the curriculum must be to have music as a tool of communication. I
generally use props such as scarves, puppets, drums, and the like to increase the value of
communication through music. This gives a multi-sensory experience to the children (Dow,
2010). I think it is an appropriate approach for the children so that they can understand and
balance all their five senses. Non-verbal cues for communication are also important and it is
possible through music. Communication is a two-way structure and the message which happens
through music is very clear. Children can understand communication if it is done through music
(Acker et al, 2012). The sessions have to be planned and it also has to have enough space for
allowing the ideas of the children to be included. Music can support EYLF outcomes in several
ways which will in turn help the children from 0-to 5 years, to learn significant things
(Kazimierczak & Kazimierczak, 2004). For the toddlers who are 2- 4 years old, I will teach
music through rhymes and foot-tapping, and for the babies who are 0 to 1 year old, they will be
introduced through lullabies and sensory music.
Outcome 1- children will have a very strong sense of identity
This aspect is visible when they engage in and also contribute to the shared play activities
and the experiences with the songs which are played in class. Educators generally encourage this
learning when they try to initiate one-to-one playing of the songs and interactions with children
and especially with babies and toddlers (Dow, 2010). This is done in daily routines. Musical
perception and knowledge are extremely strong creators of identity for the whole life of an
individual. The main songs during childhood such as rhymes are significant for educators to
draw inspiration from when working to create a strong sense of identity for the children.
Outcome 2- children are involved learners
Children are happy when they learn transition signs such as a song for packing up after an
activity is finished. Through this song, they can enjoy a play of tidying things up and learn
cleanliness. They also learn teamwork and they understand the importance of cleaning after
themselves. Drama and the movement songs also help the children who are always curious and
enthusiastic about new ventures. They love role-playings such as pretending to be doctors or
riding horses. This makes them use their whole body to communicate and connect with other
people and the outer world through a strong sense of dramatic movements. Educators have to
promote this type of learning through music from 0 to 5 years old in the Australian curriculum
because this provides learning environments that are flexible and open-ended according to
EYLF. For instance, Three Little Horses by the Creek for toddlers and I have a little pony for
Visual arts contribution to EYLF outcome
Arts education provides toddlers, infants, and young children the proper a5rtistic
opportunities which would encourage their holistic learning and also contribute to their
advancement and development of them through processes. Children need to develop their five
senses their visual senses are very significant. There are certain EYLF outcomes that are fulfilled
through visual art.
Outcome 1- strong sense of self.
Children can creatively express ideas, develop strategies and make their own choices for
their own development of knowledge. They also develop self-confidence through the mental
processing of their visual art (Cox, 2005). They also develop imagination, enthusiasm, curiosity
ad confidence. The children persist to complete the visual art task even if they find it difficult
because art makes them interested in problem-solving (Cox, 2005). The achievement of
completing the task makes them have a strong sense of self. The children can also apply thinking
processes and create representation and records as well as communicate ideas and concepts (Cox,
Outcome 2- children have a strong sense of exploring the unknown through
The children learn to explore the outer world and play with their visual sense of color.
They have the proper self-expression to create what they like and they do not hold back when
they create art such as painting or clay work. The children also get to know the outer world and
create their own perspectives of the world they see through movement and exploration of the
outer world. Movement can also be done through dance which can contribute to their motor
movements which can help in their exploration of their motor skills. There is no right or wrong
in art and they can use it to its full potential when creating art. Visual art helps children
understand man-made and natural environments and also universal concepts of the world. It also
helps them understand diversity just like music does and this will also help the children
understand the diversity of Australia when it comes to aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders
(Cox, 2005). The children become more involved and confident when learning new concepts if
they are thought visual art. Visual art makes children interested to learn the most boring and
difficult topics because visual art makes it interesting through color and shapes. Children can
also communicate through involvement in movement which is a visual art because it helps in
their sensory aspects (Cox, 2005).
Therefore, art as a curriculum is important to fulfill the EYLF outcomes of children from
0 to 5 years old. My own personal philosophy and pedagogy both align when it comes to the
significance of art in childrens daily activities. Children also grow a strong sense of the world
and the different things in the world through visual art. For example, when they draw a landscape
with nature, they realize that nature and trees look a certain way and nature needs to be
preserved. This creates confidence in the children to attempt difficult tasks which they feared in
Art can help them learn about themselves and also help them learn about the outer world. This
will make them prepared to face all the challenges by themselves with a hint of unique thinking.
Their out-of-the-box thought process will help them child solve difficult problems in adulthood.
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arts in the early childhood environment. Educating Young Children: Learning and
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Cox, M. (2005). The pictorial world of the child. Cambridge University Press.
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Childrens Creative Participation in the Digital World. In Young Childrens Rights in a
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Dow, C. B. (2010). Young children and movement: The power of creative dance. YC Young
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