Future picture of climate change in India; where it may lead to if the causes of climate change continues
The problem of climate change started when the average temperature of the earth increase and it is now 15°C (BBC News 2018). It is also stated by experts that if climate change continues, summers in India could last for about 8 months due to prolonged heat-wave conditions. The environmental condition of India will be a combination of heat and humidity and this combination is known as "wet-bulb temperature". This temperature never crossed above 32°C but scientists portrays that the temperature currently touch 31°C and if climate change continues, it will exceed 35°C (BBC News 2018). This weather is dangerous for workers mainly doing outdoor jobs as their cardiovascular and respiratory conditions will get adversely impacted. Experts also says that India will be one of the most affected countries due to the increase in population that will estimated to be 1.7 billion by 2050 according to a risk index released at COP23 (Nasir 2018). In addition to that, the monsoon problem in India will increase in the next 25 years as published in Hindustan Times (Hindustan Times 2018). The data represents that 25% and 40% of districts faced heavy rainfall and drought in 2017 (Hindustan Times 2018). Taken for instance, Bangaluru City faced 30% of its annual rain in a single day. So, it can be stated that the continuation of climate change will cause water crisis, more droughts and rainfalls, cloudburst and challenge to food security.
Comparison between India and other country suffering from climate change
In South America, the agriculture is already impacted and in India also this effect will be soon witnessed and the effect will also be on the 48.8% of the India’s working population currently employed for agricultural purpose (Hindustan Times 2018). Kumar et al. (2014) stated that in northeast, Agartala that in the last 5 years had received more than 11 times of daily monsoon rain and in India rising sea surface temperatures resulted in heavy monsoon rainfall in the area Bihar, Odisha, and Jharkhand, West Bengal, Gujarat, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. In Latin America, the decrease in soil water results in replacement of tropical forest that leads to desertification and salinisation of agricultural land; the same adversity occur in Himalayas, northern and Western Ghats according to the vulnerability index (Pacifici et al. 2015). India is liable for 4.4% carbon emission due to livestock and if the problem of climate change increases, these livestock will face animal health problems (De Lavergne et al. 2014).
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De Lavergne, C., Palter, J.B., Galbraith, E.D., Bernardello, R. and Marinov, I., 2014. Cessation of deep convection in the open Southern Ocean under anthropogenic climate change. Nature Climate Change, 4(4), pp.278-282.
Hindustan Times., 2018. In next 25 years river floods to impact six times more Indians. [online] Available at: http://www.hindustantimes.com/environment/in-next-25-years-river-floods-to-impact-six-times-more-indians/story-ikZF6evA6mWJiSFo4nQxKM.html [Accessed 14 Jan. 2018].
Kumar, S.N., Aggarwal, P.K., Rani, D.S., Saxena, R., Chauhan, N. and Jain, S., 2014. Vulnerability of wheat production to climate change in India. Climate Research, 59(3), pp.173-187.
Nasir, N, 2018. Water Crisis, Food Security Amidst Climate Change In India. [online] BW Businessworld. Available at: http://businessworld.in/article/Water-Crisis-Food-Security-Amidst-Climate-Change-In-India/05-01-2018-136534/ [Accessed 14 Jan. 2018].
News.bbc.co.uk., 2018. BBC News - Climate change around the world. [online] Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/629/629/6528979.stm#arctic [Accessed 14 Jan. 2018].
Pacifici, M., Foden, W.B., Visconti, P., Watson, J.E., Butchart, S.H., Kovacs, K.M., Scheffers, B.R., Hole, D.G., Martin, T.G., Akçakaya, H.R. and Corlett, R.T., 2015. Assessing species vulnerability to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5(3), pp.215-224.
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