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Running head: PSYCHOLOGY
Name of the student
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Table of Con ...
Running head: PSYCHOLOGY
Name of the student
Name of the University
Table of Contents
Part A ......................................................................................................................... 3
Part B ......................................................................................................................... 7
References ............................................................................................................... 10
The psychoanalytical approach lays emphasis on unconscious mind instead
of conscious mind and it brings out that behaviour is determined by the experiences
of the past which are lodged in mind of a person (Solms, 2018).
The movie shows young Alice waking up in middle of the night as she was
having a nightmare. Her father comes back from a business meeting and she is
stated that she is mad and that all the best people are mad in the world (Brandell,
2019). Alice comes at a garden party with her mother after the death of her father.
Hamish makes his proposal to Alice to which she replies that she needs some time
and follows a white rabbit. She falls through the hole and she finds herself in a room.
Alice is able to learn that she has been destined to kill Jabberwocky that can end
tyranny of Red Queen. The Knave tells Red Queen that her reign is threatened by
Alice and they want to find her. Alice learns from castle of the White Queen that she
had been within the Wonderland. She gets flooded about memories of Wonderland
and she understands that what she is undergoing is real (Mitchell, 2017). The Mad
Hatter states to Alice that Red Queen had been instrumental in taking over
Underland and he had joined Resistance as she has killed his entire family. The Red
Knight takes Alice as the prisoner and white knight arrives by the side of Alice and
defeats Red Knight. Alice soon found herself in company of Red and White Queen
and she is questioned relentlessly by them. Alice is able to learn that vorpal sword
can kill Jabberwocky and it has been locked inside the den of Bandersnatch. Alice
gets the sword and she is able to befriend Bandersnatch. The sword is delivered to
White Queen who provides Alice with the potion which can return her to her normal
size. The Queens send Alice and Jabberwocky for deciding battle with the help of a
single combat. Alice succeeds to defeat Jabberwocky and it is beheaded. The White
Queen provides Alice with purple blood of Jabberwocky that can provide her with
whatever she wishes for. She returns to her world and refuses the proposal of
Hamish and is able to impress Lord Ascot.
Alice is a sensible girl from an English family and she inhabits in a strange
world which is ruled by imagination. He is confident about her identity and she has a
firm belief in clear and logical rules. The tensions within the character arise when her
fixed perspective is in conflict with the outside world. She does not fit into
conventional stereotype but she possess an overwhelming sense of curiosity. Moral
consciousness operates in Alice and her simplicity can be attributed to Victorian
feminine passivity that greatly dictates her behaviour. The nonsense prevailing in
Wonderland contrasts her sense of order and her world turns upside down by the
events unfolding in Wonderland. It is able to test her maturity and her ability to
handle the unpredictable situations in her life.
Alice has fixed perspective about the world however she is challenged after
coming into contact with illogical world of the Wonderland. She cannot accept the
new reality thereby giving rise to inferiority feelings that challenges her present
mental state (Quindeau & Bendix, 2018). Her perceptions of class are challenged
by White Rabbit as she is thought to be a servant by the creature. The Mad Hatter
and March Hare on the other hand challenge her idea about urbane intelligence with
unfamiliar logic that deals a heavy blow to sense of identity in Alice. The inferiority
feelings in Alice motivates her for her self-improvement and she feels empowered to
make her own life choices which ensures her freedom (Salmon, 2020). The ego
within psychoanalytical theory refers to portion of human personality which is in
contact with external world with the aid of perception. Alice leaves when she is about
to be proposed that signals her desire of seeking adventure in her life. Alice has
been shown to be confused about her identity and she is asked to identify by the
creatures however she fails to respond to them. (Sandler & Sandler, 2018). Alice
thinks that she is tall for herself and sometimes she feels that she is a different
person (Brandell, 2019). An important concept in psychoanalysis is conflict and the
struggle of Alice with her identity mirrors struggle which are faced by children when
they reach their adolescent age (Mitchell, 2017). Alice drinks liquor from little bottle
and she grows larger and it makes her acknowledge the fact that everything around
her is strange. The defense mechanisms are employed by individuals that helps
them to guard their mind against the painful emotional experiences Alice escapes so
that she can erase the anxieties and find answers for solving problems. Alice is
proposed by Hamish however she is confused about her answer and she wants to
exercise her freedom of choice in regard to acceptance of proposal.
The Mad Hatter is a member of Tea Party and he was involved in provoking
Alice during the tea-party. The Mad Hatter can be said to represent the madness
present in Alice and he is popular for the random outbursts (Hossain, 2017). His
personality is evolving constantly however his eccentricity remains consistent
throughout the movie. The Mad Hatter has been depicted as a neurotic character
and his behaviour helps to display his eccentric mannerisms. It has been brought out
by Freud that id is source of the psychic energy and it is a significant component of
the personality. (Lester, 2019). The behaviour of the Mad Hatter is disruptive and he
forms mental image of desired object for satisfying his need. The Mad Hatter
dresses in a fashionable manner and he is obsessed with his tea time and the tea
parties. The Adlerian psychology talks about goal orientation which makes an
individual strive to attain significance in life. The people want to become socially
useful and attain superiority over the difficulties as it can instil within them a feeling of
great significance (Nagel, 2020). He organises the tea party as he feels that it can
endow an air of importance and make him feel himself to be a valued member of the
society of Wonderland. The Jabberwocky destroyed area of White Queen and
massive damage was caused to her property that created great anger in Mad Hatter
as he wanted to avenge the wrong done (Pratiwi, Suwandi & Wardhani, 2019). The
Adlerian thought lays stress on compensation and it believes that individuals have
feelings of inadequacy when they start to experience world. Alice is protected by the
Mad Hatter and she is put in his hat after she is shrunk. He takes out her out for a
walk and this signals that he wants to exert her dominance on her so that it can keep
her safe. He went into extreme lengths for offering protection to Alice and he threw
his hat across field so that the guards of Queen of Heart would not be able to
capture her. He had to face endless conflicts with Queen of Wonderland and it made
him wonder about passage of the time. The organising of tea party by the Mad
Hatter can be said to be a defense which has been employed by the character for
guarding his mind against the painful emotional experiences. He was lodged in a
conflict with the Red Queen and he used to carry out strange acts for maintaining his
psychic equilibrium (Hossain, 2017). The Mad Hatter grew up in the Under-land
which was not like any other place on the Earth. The vision of his childhood years
were alive within him and it greatly influenced his behaviour in Alice in Wonderland.
The psychoanalytical approach lays stress on component of superego which aids to
hold internalised moral standards which are acquired from parents and society. The
Mad Hatter wants to help Alice so that she can fulfil her destiny for saving Underland
from the Red Queen.
The Red queen is the chess piece that is played by Alice within Looking
Glass World. The Red Queen acts like the Victorian governess and she adheres to
strict behavioural advice. She is the antagonist in the movie and she possess an
army of the playing cards. She is short-tempered and she took advantage of the
insanity of Alice and started to rule the Wonderland. She is demanding and coerced
the courtiers for agreeing to every word stated by her. She grew paranoid and
executed her husband when she came to know that he would be leaving her. She
was imbibed with the primitive component and she wanted to fulfil her dreams so
that she can assume power on the entire kingdom (Jing & Chenglian, 2020). It
signifies the id of the Queen and it acted as a driving force in her personality for
survival. The Red Queen has superiority complex and she wants to prove to the
world that she is more capable than what she actually is (Natoli, 2019). They behave
in an arrogant and impertinent manner so that it can create a strong positive
impression on other people. She is meticulous about her manners and she believed
that other people are obliged to obey her command. She used to assert her position
of authority and her competition with Alice signifies feelings of the antagonism. She
stands as the representative arbitrary authority and she wants to exert her
dominance on the other creatures in Wonderland. Her unconscious was dominated
by immense greed and her loyal advisers used to fear her as they felt that they
would be deformed by the Queen. It was the deep sense of insecurity in the Red
Queen that made her take the actions that can create fear among other people. It
was a defense employed by the character so that she can hide her real intentions.
(Cervone & Pervin, 2020). The morally transgressive actions are carried out by
individuals for satisfying greed for power of a person. The Red Queen acts in an
overbearing manner and she has been found to be obsessive regarding her manners
that signifies conflict in her character.
I have moral standards as I have been taught values by my parents that can
bear a positive effect on my personality. I was taught that integrity is of great
importance and it can help to build close trust in between the individuals. The
superego have helped to instil strong beliefs that have positively influenced my
character. I have to face conflict in between advice of my parents and desire of my
friends and I have to maintain a balance in between the two elements. My friends
want me to go out whereas my parents want me to focus on my studies. I try to
compromise by involving myself in studying and then I try to go out for satisfying both
the parties. I had employed denial as a defense mechanism when I got to know
about the death of my grandfather. I was shocked however I wanted to deny the
reality as it filled me with a sense of profound agony. I was threatened by my teacher
at the school and I decided to cope with the event by overeating foods so that it can
help to remove the bitter feelings and anxieties. The Adlerian therapy talks about
birth order and it states that order of birth can determine the course of life of a
person (Nagel, 2020). I am the second-born child in my family and I had to live
under the shadow of older sibling thereby creating a negative effect on my
personality. I strive for superiority and I want to exert my opinion so that I can feel
powerful within the family structure. I have low self-esteem as I am compared to my
elder sibling and it have pushed me towards jealousy. I have developed a dislike for
my elder sibling as I think that he has been responsible for the inferior position that I
have in my family.
An actual stressful situation which happened to me personally was the death
of my best friend and I could not reconcile myself to the loss in my life. He was a
very close friend and I was terribly shaken by his death which left a great effect on
me. A fatal accident took away his life and I felt that I have lost an important part of
me. He was travelling in Pan-Island Expressway (PIE) which is the highway which is
most prone to the traffic accidents in Singapore. We were close friends since our
childhood and his death left a great void in my life which could not be replaced by
It was an incident of chronic stress as it would create negative repercussions
in the long term. It has made me feel empty and deprived and this feeling cannot be
compensated by anything else in my life. It has shrouded my existence with a
gloomy aura which would persist across my lifespan. It instilled a great feeling of
sadness and it created an adverse effect on my health. It had enduring long-term
impact and its sadness completely overwhelmed me from which I found it hard to
The bio-psycho-social model conceives of health behaviour to be product of
behavioural factors and social conditions that can take a great toll on an individual
(Garland, 2018). The biological effect of the stressor was that I started to have body
aches that can be said to be a physical symptom of the grief. I was having
headaches as I could not reconcile myself to the loss and I felt that it would continue
to affect me throughout my lifespan. The grieving process was instrumental in
releasing stress hormones and it hindered my ability to move and act freely. I had
developed sleep issues and my body and brain could not rest as I was greatly
troubled by the thoughts in my head. The sleep disruption caused frustration in me
and it debilitated me completely as I was feeling continuously exhausted and
anxious. It brought about insomnia which in turn created a negative effect on my
mental health condition. The perceived closeness to the victims can be said to be
positively related to strong reaction after the traumatic incident (Foulkes & Anthony,
I was depressed and it shrouded me with a deep sense of agony which left a
great dent in my mind. I felt a great deal of anger as I felt that my friend did not have
the right of leaving the world at such a tender age. I wanted to protest against the
cruelty of the fate that had befallen on my friend however I could not find any way
that could help to relieve my feelings (Scholz, 2019). I started to feel anxious as I
began to feel that we all are vulnerable and can lost our life at any point of life. It was
a sudden loss and it shook me psychologically and prevented me from dealing with
the harsh event in my life.
I became withdrawn and I felt that talking to people would aggravate feeling of
pain in my life. My social functioning was adversely affected and I started to distance
myself from my family and other friends. They wanted to console me however I could
not accept their advice and continued to mope about the situation of my life. My
social circle completely shrank and I became less resilient to the grief. My best friend
was a key source of my emotional support and I wondered who would give me useful
advice for dealing with the things in my life. I was severely traumatised by the death
of my friend in the car accident and it left me emotionally numb. I wanted to avoid
talking about the issue and I completely shut myself down which disrupted my grief
There were various coping strategies that were used by me that helped me to
overcoming the stressor in my life. I joined a support group that enabled me to form
deep connections with other people and it enabled me to deal with the problem. The
participation in support group made me feel that I was not along with my problems
and it provided me with the chance to reimagine my life (Garland, 2018). I started to
accept my feelings and I stopped making judgements that can help to relieve the
sorrow in my life. I used to cry when I felt sad and it helped me to release my anger
and frustrated feelings after I lost my friend to the car accident which greatly helped
to relieve me emotionally. I provide myself with the space for feeling emotions so
that I could get over the sense of loss that had completely gripped me. I started to
attend the yoga class and I organised my closet so that it can keep me occupied at
this juncture of my life (Foulkes & Anthony, 2018).
The coping strategies can be used by me in the future that could have been
effective to overcome sense of stress. I can take the help of counselling that can
help me to understand pain that is lodged deep in my soul. I can get professional
support from the trained psychotherapist that can act as a safe space and help me to
communicate the feelings in my mind (Gurung, 2018). The conversations can help
me to deal with the concerns and it can address my pain in the effective manner. I
can keep a journal and I can write down my feelings that can enable me to process
my grief. It can help me to keep track of progression in my grieving process that can
alleviate my sense of deep agony. I can exercise regularly and add the physical
activity to my schedule that can help me to overcome the negative feelings. It can be
useful to release energy that can calm my emotions for working out frustration in
regard to the loss (Wong & Breheny, 2018). I can take part in social activities and
join social group that can enable me to deal with my negative feelings.
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