1.What are some of the ‘universal norms’ discussed in the chapter?
2.What are some norms that differ between the U.S. and other countries?
3.What are some of the gender differences in behavior described in the chapter ?
4.Use evolutionary and cultural theories to explain why these gender differences exist.
5.Expanding on your previous answer, which explanation do you like more and why?
6.How can hindsight bias be a problem for the evolutionary psychologists in explaining gender differences?
7.How does testosterone effect gender role development?
Provide one example of an interaction effect.
1.Provide a possible rationale for why our implicit and explicit racial attitudes may differ so much.
2.Think of one of your potentially ‘bad’ habits. Using the theories of self-presentation, self-perception, and self-justification to describe why/how you continue that behavior.
3.Knowing what we know now of the relationship between behavior and attitude, does it seem to make more sense to try to affect social change through changing peoples attitudes or behavior? How might you accomplish your policy goals as a public servant with this insight? Do you know of any examples where this practice has worked?
4.How do people change their attitudes to ‘justify’ evil acts such as slavery, killing innocents in war, and segregation?
5.Early in the chapter, the author provides several possible reasons in explaining why our ‘behaviors’ don’t follow our attitudes. Explain 3 of them here and provide a way to remedy the issue.
b.Lack of specificity
c.Lack of Potency
6.Describe the Phillip Zimbardo/Stanford Prison Experiment. Was this more of a case of behaviors following attitudes, or attitudes following behavior. Choose a side and argue your point.